Hands on Homeschooling

age 5 curriculum
Skills Lists

Play with a Purpose

Five Years Skills Checklist
created by Michelle Lewis

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Curriculum also includes


(Please remember your child has an entire year to accomplish these!)

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:
(Please note that children learn to read at different times. 
Not every 4-year-old is developmentally ready to read - do not push your child to read)

  • The child should accomplish the following phonics skills:
    • Ending double consonants; help, jump, belt, sand, etc.
    • The letter "S" added to the end of words to make plurals; cats, dogs, goats, nuts, etc.
    • 's added to words so show possession; Ann's, cat's, Bob's, etc.
    • Simple consonant blends; st, bl, cl, tr, sw, etc.
    • Special consonant blends; sh, ch, wh, ph, kn.
    • Single ending vowel that is long; we, he, me, she, so, go, no, etc.
    • The "ay" combination; pray, hay, play, etc.
    • The "oy" combination; boy, toy, etc.
    • The letter "Y" making the long sound of i; fly, sky, etc.
    • ar, er, and ir; star, car, turn, church, fir, etc.
    • all; ball, call, stall, etc.
    • ing; bring, sing, string, king, etc. (single syllables)
    • The addition of the sight words "to" and "you"
  • Reading longer and more difficult readers.
  • Blending consonants and vowels together more smoothly while reading.
  • Grammar skills include recognizing that sentences start with a capital letter and end with a period, question mark or exclamation point.
  • Understands rhyming words.
  • Many poems committed to memory.
  • Library skills include proper conduct, book care, role of the librarian, book selection and checkout procedure. Child should have their own library card if your library permits it.
  • Presentation of short speeches, (show and tell).
  • Can retell stories in his own words.
  • Good use of synonyms; i.e. couch - sofa, trash - garbage, etc.
  • Can make up a logical ending to a story.
  • Recites full name, full address and telephone number as well as parents full names.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Penmanship improving. 
  • Able to use #2 pencil.
  • Can write all letters from memory. Can write dictated words. Can write simple dictated sentences.
  • Can write simple sentences completely on their own.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Can count by 2's, 5's, and 10's.
  • Knows the ordinal numbers first to tenth.
  • Recognizes number words from one to ten.
  • Writes numbers to 100 from memory.
  • Understands greater than and less than.
  • Simple story problems.
  • Addition and subtraction through 10.
  • Measurements; can measure with a ruler and understands longer and shorter and heavier and lighter.
  • Can tell time on an analog clock to the quarter of the hour. Can read a digital clock correctly.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Understands the five senses.
  • Can identify sweet, sour, bitter, and salty.
  • Knows weather terms.
  • Knows the four seasons.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Knows about the various holidays.
  • Knows about the American flag (fifty stars for fifty states, 13 stripes for the 13 original colonies)
  • Can recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
  • Beginning map skills; recognizes the United States and his home state.
  • Knows the names of several other states.
  • Knows the directions north, south, east, and west.
  • Knows about Christopher Columbus.
  • Knows the story of the Pilgrims including the name of the Mayflower, why they came to America and the first Thanksgiving story.

The Bible instruction and spiritual growth training for the first four years consists of a basic overview of the major stories and characters of the Bible as well as the study of the Christian character traits and basic doctrinal truths. Teaching the school subject of "Bible and Spiritual Growth" is not a substitute for daily, family devotional time nor Christian service/mission work. The three go hand-in-hand. The Bible truths the child learns in school are put into practical use during devotion time and Christian service/mission work. The kindergarten version of Hands on Homeschooling focuses on the Biblical celebrations (mostly Old Testament holidays). 

 Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Able to pray without relying on memorized prayers.
  • Actively participating in family devotion time.
  • Actively involved in Christian service/missions.
  • Has "quiet time" with a children's Bible; looking at the pictures and reading simple stories.
  • Memorizing longer passages of scripture. (The Lord's Prayer for example)
  • Very familiar with major Bible characters and stories as well as doctrine and character traits.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Knows the names of days, months, and holidays.
  • Understands today, yesterday, and tomorrow.
  • Understands a calendar.
  • Computer skills: Able to run programs without assistance, familiar with keyboard layout,
    uses the mouse without difficulty, computer terms, computer respect and care.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Mixing of colors to get new colors.
  • Explains the story behind own art work.
  • Appreciation of art work of others.
  • Introduction to the different types of art forms, paintings, sculpting, etc.
  • Introduction to the art of different cultures.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Playing of simple musical instruments.
  • Beginning music reading skills.
  • Listening to different styles of music including the music of different cultures 
  • Exploration of music as a ministry.
  • Improved singing skills; timing, proper loudness, proper posture.

Mastery of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Rules of games.
  • Sportsmanship.
  • Care of outdoor equipment.
  • Safety.
  • Relationship between activity, rest, and nourishment to promote a healthy lifestyle.

This is not covered explicitly in the curricula, but child should have mastery of all K2, K3, K4 skills in addition to:

  • Understands that every family member is expected to contribute to the household activities.
  • Willingly and cheerfully helps with the household chores.
  • Increasing responsibility.
  • Both boys and girls should be learning kitchen safety and helping with the cooking. Children should also be helping dad with the outside activities; yard work, car maintenance, etc. Although girls can focus more on "domestic" things and boys can focus more on "maintenance" things, I think both genders should be taught the basics in all categories so they will be better equipped to deal with the real world when they leave home.
  • Proper behavior in different settings and at different functions, i.e, out in the public, at friend's houses, at a store, at church, when guests are visiting, etc.
  • Should be using good manners consistently without reminding.
  • Should be consistent with regular routines without reminding; for example, after getting up in the morning the child should remember to get dressed, make the bed, brush hair, etc, before coming to breakfast.

This is not covered explicitly in the curricula, but child should have master of all K2, K3, and K4 skills in addition to:

  • Able to take care of all personal hygiene needs without assistance. (However, parents should continue to watch the child brush their teeth until age 6 to ensure that child consistently brushes correctly. Mom should also help with running bath water at the proper temperature and always supervise a child in any form of water).

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